A Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) involves transfusing healthy bone marrow to replace bone marrow destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy.
You may receive your own bone marrow that is taken from you prior to treatment (this is called an autologous transplant), or bone marrow from a compatible donor (called an allogeneic transplant).
Conditioning treatment, which may involve high-dose chemotherapy and total body radiation, is administered before the transplant to kill the cancer cells. The bone marrow is taken before the chemotherapy.
Then, the healthy bone marrow is given through an intravenous line.
A BMT can be a lengthy and isolating treatment method that may involve being in hospital for quite a long time.