Brain cancer & tumours – information, treatment & support

There are many different tumours that can grow in the brain. Brain tumours can affect people of any age. There are 2 different categories of brain tumours – primary brain tumours and secondary brain tumours.

Primary brain tumours

These can be benign or malignant brain tumours:

  • Benign brain tumours are non-cancerous tumours. This means that they do not spread to other parts of the brain or other tissues. Depending on the location and type of tumour, it may be removed through surgery and/or radiotherapy.
  • Malignant brain tumours are cancerous and have the ability to spread to other parts of the brain. Treatment may include surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy.
Secondary brain tumours
  • Secondary brain tumours occur when cancer cells from other parts of the body, spread to the brain. This can happen with breast, lung or other different types of cancer.
  • If someone has already been diagnosed with a type of cancer, and then has a brain tumour, it is more likely that is has spread (metastasised) from another part of the body.

A doctor will be able to determine if it is a primary or secondary tumour.