What are urinary tract cancers?
The urinary tract is the body’s drainage system that removes urine. The urinary tract includes the kidneys and the bladder.
The bladder is a hollow, muscular, balloon-like organ that collects and stores urine in the lower part of the abdomen. Our kidneys produce urine, which is carried to the bladder by thin tubes called ureters. The bladder stores and passes urine.
Specialist treatment and support for young people diagnosed with a urinary tract cancer
Specialist treatment and support for young people with cancer aged 15-25 is provided by the Youth Cancer Services (YCS) based in major hospitals throughout Australia. Canteen also offers events and other support for young people with cancer.
Types of urinary tract cancer
There are two main types of urinary tract cancer: bladder cancer and kidney cancer.
Bladder cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the lining of the bladder. Almost all (80 to 90%) cases of bladder cancer are urothelial carcinoma, also known as transitional cell carcinoma. It starts in the urothelial cells that line the inside of the bladder.
Other rare types of bladder cancer include:
- Squamous cell carcinoma
Visit the Cancer Council website for more information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer.
Kidney cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the kidney. Almost all (90%) of kidney cancers are renal cell carcinoma, also called renal adenocarcinoma.
Other less common types of kidney cancer include:
- Urothelial carcinoma
- Wilms tumour
Wilms tumour, also known as nephroblastoma, is the most common type of kidney cancer in children. It is most common in children aged under five.
Have you or a loved one been diagnosed with a urinary tract cancer? Get support here:
Counselling and individual support
Canteen's counsellors and psychologists are specially trained to understand the challenges that cancer brings. Our counselling services are confidential and completely free.
Events & programs
Connect with other young people who know what you're going through and get some much-needed space away from the daily pressures of living with cancer.
When cancer’s in your life, Canteen is in your corner.
Cancer affects everyone differently. That’s why Canteen provides a wide range of support services to help you overcome the specific challenges you’re dealing with.